The island has various names in documents from the past: de Melita, de Meleta, da Mlete, de la Melida, da Melta, da Malta, di Meleda, Melitensis, Melitae, all equally beautiful and melodious, as is the island itself. The word Melita - Melite in Greek has the same meaning as the Latin word for honey - mell, mellis. The meaning of the name of the island comes from the word for honey, as in the past, its woods were inhabited by many swarms of bees. Those who first come to this island of wondrous beauty and pristine nature instantly fall in love with it, and always gladly return. The island's past recalls Odyssey and his nymph Calypso, the apostle Paul, the poet Opiana, the Roman Emperor Augustus, the German military leader Odoakra and his "comes domesticorum" Pierius, the ancient Illyrians, the Croatian-Slavić inhabitation of the island and their battles with the Roman army, the Dubrovnik nobles who ruled over the island, as did the Abbots of St. Mary and later, the Venetian knights, the fall of the Dubrovnik Republic, the arrival of Napoleon's army and the English war ships, the hundred years of Austrian rule, the first Italian occupation of the island, the rule of the anti-people's regime under the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, the second occupation and the annexation of the island by Mussolini's Italy from 1941 to 1943, the anti-fascist movement and the liberation of the island in 1944, and the half-century of Communist rule. Since 1990, Mljet, together with the remaining Croatian islands has been an indivisible part of the free and independent Republic of Croatia, which was the centuries long dream and inclination for many generations of the people of Mljet.